Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov I. (12. 7. 1596 - 13. 7. 1645) - the Russian Tsar, the founder of the ruling Romanov dynasty, who remain in power for more than three centuries. About his appointment of Mikhail Romanov learned March 13, 1613, under the tsars were crowned on July 11 of that year.
The advent of Mikhail Fedorovich I. to the throne ended in Russia confusing and politically chaotic period known as Smutnoje Vremya or also Smut (sad time).
She quietly began already in 1598 the death of Fyodor, the last ruler of the ancient Rurik dynasty and the earth brought moral and economic decline. In 1600, during the reign of Boris Godunov (reigned until 1605), broke out in Russia in addition terrible famine that has claimed tens of thousands of victims. The Romanovs were in the times of persecution and lived in seclusion. Inner War and the invasion of the Polish-Lithuanian troops torn Russia has essentially needed universally respected and readable monarch.
This was to become just Michail, the ruler of the state parliament chose 21 February 1613. The choice, however, took place without his presence, because no one knew exactly where, until recently haunted young man hides. In all directions so took messengers to the new Tsar discovered. Mikhail tried to find the Poles, who did not fit into their plans superpower and it therefore sought to kill him. Were eventually successful Russian envoys, who persuaded the new ruler to travel to Moscow. Over the monarch was Mikhail Landtag in absentia-elected February 21, 1613, his new deal after a brief hesitation, accepted in March of that year and 11 July in Moscow was then crowned Czar.