Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (born March 6, 1937) - Soviet cosmonaut, first woman in space.
Valentina Tereshkova was born in the village Maslennikov in the Yaroslavl region. Her father died in the Russo-Finnish War, his mother worked in a textile factory, where he later began itself future first cosmonaut. When employing a remote graduated from secondary technical school, but soon became adept Women program into space. The reason was not only her working-class origins, but also the fact that the active skydiver, indeed the whole preparation before flying graduated with excellent results.
Orbit was launched from Kazakhstan's Baikonur space center in the spacecraft Vostok June 16, 1963. Countries flied osmačtyřicetkrát a total of 70 hours and fifty minutes and landed on a remote site 620 kilometers from Karaganda. After returning, she was awarded the prestigious title of Hero of the Soviet Union, and he gave her a promotion to the rank of captain. In 1964 she joined the Zhukovsky Air Force Engineering Academy and after graduation could use the title of engineer flier-cosmonaut. Do universe already astronaut but again received. Retired joined in 1997 with the rank of Major General.