Czechoslovak Legions - Combat units composed mainly of Czechoslovak volunteers, which originated in Russia, France and later in Italy during World War II.
The basis of the Czechoslovak legions in Russia has become a Czech company, which was established on August 12, 1914. The compound was the Czech compatriots living in Russia and consisted of over seven hundred members. Swearing-in ceremony took place on the day of Saint Wenceslas September 28, 1914 in Kiev. Initially, members of the unit worked in small groups as explorers and were part of the 3rd Russian Imperial Army. Command of the Austro-Hungarian army was perceived Czechs and Slovaks in the Russian army as a traitor and therefore ordered that if captured immediately executed.
About a thousand Czechoslovaks also fought in the ranks of the Serbian church, which was formed in 1915 in Odessa.
Respect and brought international recognition to Czech and Slovak soldiers battle of Zborova, which erupted on July 2, 1917. Czechoslovak Rifle Brigade of the total nearly 3,500 men there managed to break the Austro-Hungarian defense and capture more than three thousand enemy soldiers.
After the Bolshevik Revolution at each of the Czechoslovak Legion highlighted the so-called Siberian adventure. It was a well organized retreat from politically and economically BROKEN Russia, which was accompanied by military clashes and ended up evacuating troops from Vladivostok 1920.
In 1914 he founded the Czechoslovak battle group in France too. Was composed mainly of expatriates organized in clubs, and Sokol Equality and was called Compagnie Hi. After a bloody battle near Arras remains of two hundred and fifty men, valiant only about a hundred. Rota was dissolved and the remaining fighters crossed into regiments of the French Foreign Legion.
Independent Czechoslovak unit in France then came up in 1918. Consisting of the volunteers who arrived from Russia, Romania, the United States, Serbia, Italy and the members of the Foreign Legion.
The Czechoslovak Brigade intervened in the battles of the First World War: the famous clash with German army was a battle near the town of Terron.